Dark solitons and their head-on collisions in Bose-Einstein condensates

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The evolution and collision of dark solitary waves (solitons) appearing in cigar-shaped Bose-Einstein condensates with repulsive atom-atom interaction are here considered using a Boussinesq-Korteweg-de Vries description. We provide theoretical predictions and computer experiment evidence about their phase shifts or change of trajectories, in the space-time plot, corresponding upon collisions. Details are also given about a suggested experiment that could assess their genuine solitonic nature
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