Synthesis of HA/beta-TCP bioceramic foams from natural products

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A novel technology for the preparation of bioceramic foams (BF) using a simple and economic procedure is presented. This technology combines two conventional methods to produce a tridimensional macroporous structure by using a sol-gel route, submitted afterward to a microwave treatment and thermal annealing. The use of agri-waste products on this procedure, such as egg shell and white egg recycle, represents an interesting way for waste management while developing potential commercial biomaterials. The use of egg shell as eco-compatible reactant instead of commercial ones and the egg white as foaming agent to produce a tridimensional macroporous structures has been optimized by using a sol-gel route. The crystalline phase and quantitative phase composition has been studied by Rietveld refinement and the optimization of the foaming process and determination of interconnected porosity by scanning electron microscopy, Hg porosimetry and X-ray micro-CT imaging. Our results show that BF samples showed a composition of 60 wt% HA (hydroxyapatite) and 40 wt% beta-TCP (beta-tricalcium phosphate) with a total porosity of approx. 70 % and a porosity ranging from 5 to 300 mu m. These features indicate that BF samples are ideal for bone regeneration, and they are produced in an easy and environmental friendly viable process.
RESEARCHER ID M-3378-2014 (María Vallet Regí) ORCID 0000-0002-6104-4889 (María Vallet Regí) RESEARCHER ID N-4501-2014 (Sandra Sánchez Salcedo) ORCID 0000-0002-1889-2057 (Sandra Sánchez Salcedo)