Important contributions of the Cambridge Equation to the role of political economy: from Pasinetti to our days

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The theory of the long-run perspective aims to explain how economies grow. On the other hand, Kaldor developed a theory that concerns not only this objective but to build a model also considering the implications in the income distribution. This paper consists of a rigorous review of the evolution of Kaldor’s Theory, treating with government activities, the financial market, and so on, to show the importance of the theme in our days. One contribution of this paper is to lead the researchers to a solid understanding of Growth and Income Distribution Models derivate from the Cambridge School and to present a new vision of the relevance of the heterodox scientific world.
La teoría de la perspectiva de largo plazo tiene como objetivo explicar cómo crecen las economías. Kaldor desarrolló una teoría que no solo busca este objetivo sino construir un modelo considerando también las implicaciones en la distribución del ingreso. Este trabajo es una revisión rigurosa de la evolución de la Teoría de Kaldor, que trata las actividades gubernamentales, el mercado financiero, etc., para mostrar la importancia del tema en nuestros días. Una contribución del artículo es explica de manera sólida los Modelos de Crecimiento y Distribución de Ingresos derivados de la Escuela de Cambridge y muestra la relevancia del mundo científico heterodoxo.
A teoria da perspectiva de longo prazo visa explicar como as economias crescem. Por outro lado, Kaldor desenvolveu uma teoria que diz respeito não apenas a esse objetivo, mas a construir um modelo considerando também as implicações na distribuição de renda. Este trabalho consiste em uma revisão rigorosa da evolução da Teoria de Kaldor, tratando da atuação do governo, do mercado financeiro, etc., para mostrar a importância do tema em nossos dias. Uma contribuição deste artigo é levar os pesquisadores a uma compreensão sólida dos Modelos de Distribuição de Renda e Crescimento derivados da Escola de Cambridge e apresentar uma nova visão da relevância do mundo científico heterodoxo.
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