Publication: Spontaneous mass generation and the small dimensions of the Standard Model gauge groups U(1), SU(2) and SU(3)
Full text at PDC
García Fernández, Guillermo
Guerrero Rojas, Jesús
Advisors (or tutors)
The gauge symmetry of the Standard Model is SU(3)_(c) x SU(2)_(L) x U(1)_(Y) for unknown reasons. One aspect that can be addressed is the low dimensionality of all its subgroups. Why not much larger groups like SU(7), or for that matter, SP(38) or E7? We observe that fermions charged under large groups acquire much bigger dynamical masses, all things being equal at a high e.g. GUT scale, than ordinary quarks. Should such multicharged fermions exist, they are too heavy to be observed today and have either decayed early on (if they couple to the rest of the Standard Model) or become reliquial dark matter (if they don't). The result follows from strong antiscreening of the running coupling for those larger groups (with an appropriately small number of flavors) together with scaling properties of the Dyson-Schwinger equation for the fermion mass.
© 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Funded by SCOAP3. Spanish Excellence Network on Hadronic Physics [FIS2014-57026-REDT]; [UCM:910309]; [MINECO:FPA2011-27853-C02-01]; [MINECO:FPA2014-53375-C2-1-P]