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El futuro verde de la electricidad: los casos de Uruguay y la Unión Europea

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2019-04
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Aboa, Diego
Pereyra, Martin
Rubalcaba, Luis
Zunino, Gonzalo
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El objetivo de este trabajo es entender los cambios de política y regulación en Uruguay y la Unión Europea que llevaron a la adopción de fuentes de energía renovable no convencionales en un corto período de tiempo. Uruguay es uno de los 3 países del mundo con más del 90% de la electricidad proveniente de fuentes renovables (98% en Uruguay) y donde las renovables no convencionales aportan una contribución significativa. Uruguay también ha lanzado recientemente la primera ruta eléctrica de América Latina, con 500 km y estaciones de carga a intervalos de 60 km. La Unión Europea es una referencia internacional en la promoción del crecimiento económico sostenible y del desarrollo sostenible. Por lo tanto, también examinaremos la experiencia de la Unión Europea en el desarrollo de una agenda verde en la que las fuentes de energía renovables son una parte fundamental.
The objective of this paper is to understand the policy and regulation changes in Uruguay and the European Union that led to the adoption of non-conventional renewable sources of energy in a short time span. Uruguay is one of only 3 countries in the world with more tan 90% of the electricity coming from renewable sources (98% in Uruguay) and where nonconventional renewables provide a significant contribution to it. Uruguay has also recently launched the first electric route in Latin America, with 500 Km and charging stations at 60 Km intervals. The European Union is an international reference in the promotion of sustainable economic growth and sustainable development. Therefore, we will also look at the experience of the European Union in the development of a green agenda where renewable sources of energy are a fundamental part of it.
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We are grateful for the financial support of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) for part of this work. All shortcomings and limitations are our responsibility.
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