Social enterprises’ ecosystem - status quo and its auspicious development

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There has been an increasing focus on the development of the social sector in Europe. This article presents several existing models of social enterprises in selected member states, namely Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Greece, and Hungary and analyses the ecosystem in which they are functioning. The choice is based on territorial alleys and demographic and, to some extent, regional characteristics. A frugal comparative analysis has been carried out. The main aspect examined is the legal framework in which they operate. A review of possible portfolio of international and national funding instruments is presented and a short analysis of the traceability of the results is made. Existing and further updating of national legislations and policies is commented on. General assessment of the environment needed for their activities has been identified. Basic features and problems of the ecosystems of SE are discussed. The article considers common barriers and provides recommendations which the countries under review could follow in order to improve the success of social enterprises. The article indicates that the instability of the legal and financial environment hinders the development of social enterprises and reduces their life-span.
Se ha prestado cada vez más atención al desarrollo del sector social en Europa. El artículo presenta varios modelos existentes de empresas sociales en Bulgaria y otros Estados miembros, como, la República Checa, Grecia y Hungría, y analiza el ecosistema en el que están funcionando. La selección se basa en características territoriales, demográficas y hasta cierto punto regionales. Se realizó un breve análisis comparativo. El principal aspecto examinado es el marco legal en el que operan. Se presenta una revisión de la posible cartera de instrumentos de financiación internacionales y nacionales y se realiza un breve análisis de la trazabilidad de los resultados. Se comenta la actualización existente y futura de las legislaciones y políticas nacionales. Se ha hecho una evaluación general del entorno necesario para sus actividades. Se deliberan las características básicas y los problemas de los ecosistemas. El artículo analiza las barreras comunes y proporciona recomendaciones en las cuales los países examinados podrían trabajar para mejorar el éxito de las empresas sociales.
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