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Notes on Race and Gender in the USA: Women’s Rights

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2020
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Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales (ICEI)
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This is the second of several multidisciplinary notes with one goal in common: to draw a much needed “bigger picture” on how women’s rights are faring today in the USA, while describing the consequences of withholding and/or slashing these rights. To achieve this goal we will present data from different studies as well as from the USA census, and we will proceed to examine women’s rights as a whole, by comparing data regarding maternal mortality rates, child marriage, maternity leave, domestic violence, and sexual assault, both nationally and internationally. Unfortunately, this note will show that the USA is performing poorly in terms of gender equality compared to other developed nations, with important socio-economic consequences both in the short and the long terms. The first note of this series focused on the persistency of poverty in the USA, especially when looking at systematically disenfranchised groups in base of their gender and/or race. Subsequent notes will look into women’s reproductive rights and, once again, the importance of the effects of intersectionality in American society.
Esta es la segunda de varias notas multidisciplinares con un objetivo en común: describir el panorama general de los derechos de la mujer en los Estados Unidos de América. Para ello, presentaremos datos estadísticos de varios estudios y del censo de los Estados Unidos. Examinaremos los derechos de la mujer en general en los Estados Unidos, comparando los datos de este país a nivel global en materias como la mortalidad materna, el matrimonio de menores de edad, los permisos de maternidad, la violencia doméstica y el asalto sexual. Desafortunadamente, esta nota mostrará que los Estados Unidos de América no está a la altura de otros países desarrollados en términos de igualdad de género, lo que se traduce en importantes repercusiones a nivel socio-económico tanto a corto como a largo plazo para la mujer en general. La primera nota se centró en la persistencia la pobreza en base a raza y género en los Estados Unidos de América. Próximas notas lo harán en los derechos reproductivos de la mujer, siempre teniendo en cuenta la importancia de la interseccionalidad en la sociedad norteamericana.
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For a definition on intersectionality, refer to: Castanyer, P. (2019): Notes on Race and Gender in the USA; Poverty and Intersectionality. European Papers 32(1) 2019 pp.1-12 (p.2) https://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/PADE/article/view/64468/4564456551370
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