Theorical concept and Critical success factors Of science – industry Relationships

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In the last twenty years the call for “value for money” in research policy is increasing. Nowadays –especially in the context of the economic crisis- during the decision making process about public investments in scientific research the economic utility and “commercial results” are an important factor. Therefore Science Industrial Relationships (SIRE) play an important and growing role. This paper offers an analysis of the concept and importance of such relationships followed by a review of their critical success factors. Chapter 2 offers an approximation about the role of science in economic development; the importance of the science industrial relationships; taxonomy to classify the SIREs and the importance and usefulness of those mechanisms. Chapters 3 to 7 analyse the barriers and the critical success factors for technology transfer and science-industry relationships in relation with the broad contextual framework conditions of the economic structure and with the characteristics of the Innovation system.
En los últimos veinte años, la convocatoria de "valor por dinero" en la política de investigación es cada vez mayor. Hoy en día el proceso de tomar de decisiones sobre las inversiones públicas en investigación científica sobre la utilidad económica y los "resultados comerciales" son factores importantes. Por lo tanto, las Relaciones Ciencia Industria (SIRE en inglés) juegan un papel importante y creciente. Este artículo ofrece un análisis del concepto y la importancia de este tipo de relaciones seguidas de una revisión de los factores críticos de éxito. El capítulo 2 ofrece una aproximación sobre el papel de la ciencia en el desarrollo económico, la importancia de la relación entre ciencia e industria, la taxonomía para clasificar a los SIRES y la importancia y utilidad de estos mecanismos. Del capítulo 3 al 7 se analizan las barreras y los factores críticos de éxito para la transferencia de tecnología y las relaciones entre ciencia e industria en relación con las condiciones generales del marco contextual de la estructura económica y con las características del sistema de innovación.
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