Publication:
Effects of spatial frequency content on classification of face gender and expression.

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Full text at PDC
Publication Date
2010-11
Advisors (or tutors)
Editors
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Citations
Google Scholar
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Abstract
The role of different spatial frequency bands on face gender and expression categorization was studied in three experiments. Accuracy and reaction time were measured for unfiltered, low-pass (cut-off frequency of 1 cycle/deg) and high-pass (cutoff frequency of 3 cycles/deg) filtered faces. Filtered and unfiltered faces were equated in root-mean-squared contrast. For low-pass filtered faces reaction times were higher than unfiltered and high-pass filtered faces in both categorization tasks. In the expression task, these results were obtained with expressive faces presented in isolation (Experiment 1) and also with neutral-expressive dynamic sequences where each expressive face was preceded by a briefly presented neutral version of the same face (Experiment 2). For high-pass filtered faces different effects were observed on gender and expression categorization. While both speed and accuracy of gender categorization were reduced comparing to unfiltered faces, the efficiency of expression classification remained similar. Finally, we found no differences between expressive and non expressive faces in the effects of spatial frequency filtering on gender categorization (Experiment 3). These results show a common role of information from the high spatial frequency band in the categorization of face gender and expression.
En tres experimentos se estudió el papel de diferentes bandas de frecuencias espaciales sobre la categorización del género y la expresión de las caras. Se tomaron medidas de precisión y tiempo de reacción a caras no filtradas y a caras filtradas a paso bajo (frecuencia de corte de 1 ciclo/grado) y a paso alto (frecuencia de corte de 3 ciclos/grado). Todas las caras fueron igualadas en energía de contraste. En ambas tareas, los tiempos de reacción a las caras filtradas a paso bajo fueron superiores a los de las caras filtradas a paso alto y no filtradas. En la tarea de expresión, se obtuvo este resultado tanto con caras expresivas presentadas por separado (Experimento 1) como con secuencias dinámicas en las que cada cara expresiva era precedida de una versión neutra de la misma cara presentada brevemente (Experimento 2). En el caso de las caras filtradas a paso alto se observaron efectos diferentes sobre la categorización de género y de expresión. Aunque tanto la rapidez como la precisión de la categorización de género se redujeron en esta condición, la eficiencia de la clasificación de la expresión quedó inalterada. Por último, no se encontraron diferencias entre caras expresivas y no expresivas en cuanto a los efectos de las distintas frecuencias espaciales sobre la categorización del género. Estos resultados muestran que la banda de altas frecuencias espaciales desempeña un papel importante en la categorización del género y la expresión de las caras.
Description
Keywords
Citation
Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1978). Facial action coding system. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press. Ellison, J. W., & Massaro, D. W. (1997). Featural evaluation,integration, and judgment of facial affect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 23, 213- 226. Costen, N. P., Parker, D. M., & Craw, I. (1996). Effects of highpass and low-pass spatial filtering on face identification. Perception & Psychophysics, 58, 602-612. Fiorentini, A., Maffei, L., & Sandini, G. (1983). The role of high spatial frequencies in face perception. Perception, 12, 195-201. Goffaux, V., Jemel, B., Rossion, J., & Schyns, P. (2003). ERP evidence for task modulations on face perceptual processing at different spatial scales. Cognitive Science, 27, 313–325. González R. C., & Wintz P. (1987) Digital image processing (2nd edition) Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Hall, J. A. (1978). Gender effects in decoding nonverbal cues. Psychological Bulletin, 85, 845–857. Haxby, J. V., Hoffman, E. A., & Gobbini, M. I. (2000). The distributed human neural system for face perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 223-233. Holmes, A., Green, S., & Vuilleumier, P. (2005). The involvement of distinct visual channels in rapid attention towards fearful facial expressions. Cognition & Emotion, 19, 899-922. Le Gal. P. M., & Bruce, V. (2002). Evaluating the independence of sex and expression in judgement of faces. Perception & Psychophyisics, 64, 230-243. Lundqvist, D., & Litton, J. E. (1998). The Averaged Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces. AKDEF, CD ROM from Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychology Section, Karolinska Institutet, ISBN 91-630-7164-9. Morrison, D. J., & Schyns, P. G. (2001). Usage of spatial scales for the categorization of faces, objects, and scenes. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 8, 454–469. Näsänen, R. (1999). Spatial frequency bandwidth used in the recognition of facial images. Vision Research, 39, 3824-3833. O’Toole, A Roark, D., & Abdi, H. (2002). Recognizing moving faces: a psychological and neural synthesis. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6, 261-266. Penton-Voak, I., Allen, T., Morrison, E., Gralewski, L. & Campbell, N. (2007). Performance on a face perception task is associated with empathy quotient scores, but not systemizing scores or participant sex. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 2229-2236. Rotter, N, & Rotter, G. (1988). Sex differences in the encoding and decoding of negative facial emotions, Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 12, 139-148. Ruiz-Soler, M., & Beltrán, F. (2006). Face perception: An integrative review of the role of spatial frequencies. Psychological Research, 70, 273–292. Sato, W., Kochiyama, T., Yoshikawa, S., Naito, E., & Matsumura, M. (2004). Enhanced neural activity in response to dynamic facial expressions of emotion: An fMRI study. Cognitive Brain Research, 20, 81-91. Schyns, P., & Oliva, A. (1999). Dr. Angry and Mr. Smile: when categorization flexible modifies the perception of faces in rapid visual presentations. Cognition, 69, 243-265. Sierra-Vázquez, V., Serrano-Pedraza, I., & Luna, D. (2006). The effect of spatial-frequency filtering on the visual processing of global structure. Perception, 35, 1583-1609. Stromeyer, C. F., & Julesz, B. (1972). Spatial-frequency masking in vision: critical bands and spread of masking. Journal of the Optical Society of America, 62, 1221-1232. Vuilleumier, P., Armony, J., Driver, J., & Dolan, R. (2003). Distinct spatial frequency sensitivities for processing faces and emotional expressions. Nature Neuroscience, 6, 624-631. Yoshikawa, S., & Sato, W. (2008). Dynamic facial expressions of emotion induce representational momentum. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 8, 25-31.
Collections