Excitons, trions and Rydberg states in monolayer MoS_2 revealed by low-temperature photocurrent spectroscopy

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Vaquero, Daniel
Clericò, Vito
Salvador Sánchez, Juan
Martín Ramos, Adrián
Meziani, Yahya M
Díez, Enrique
Quereda, Jorge
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Exciton physics in two-dimensional semiconductors are typically studied by photoluminescence spectroscopy. However, this technique does not allow for direct observation of non-radiating excitonic transitions. Here, we use low-temperature photocurrent spectroscopy as an alternative technique to investigate excitonic transitions in a high-quality monolayer MoS_2 phototransistor. The resulting spectra presents excitonic peaks with linewidths as low as 8 meV. We identify spectral features corresponding to the ground states of neutral excitons (X^A_(1s) and X^B_(1s) and charged trions (T^A and T^B) as well as up to eight additional spectral lines at energies above the X^B_(1s) transition, which we attribute to the Rydberg series of excited states of X^A and X^B. The intensities of the spectral features can be tuned by the gate and drain-source voltages. Using an effective-mass theory for excitons in two-dimensional systems we are able to accurately fit the measured spectral lines and unambiguously associate them with their corresponding Rydberg states.
© 2020 Nature We acknowledge financial support from the Agencia Estatal de Investigacion of Spain (Grants MAT2016-75955, PID2019-106820RB and RTI2018-097180-B-100) and the Junta de Castilla y Leon (Grant SA256P18), including funding by ERDF/FEDER. J.Q. acknowledges his research contract funded by Junta de Castilla y Leon and FEDER funds. We are also thankful to Mercedes Velazquez for her help with the photoluminescence and Raman characterization.