El fenotipo "basal-her2" en el cáncer de mama: caracterización clínico-molecular e implicaciones terapéuticas

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Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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Clinically HER2+ (cHER2+) breast cancer (BC), as exclusively determined by immunohistochemistry of HER2 protein overexpression and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization of HER2 gene amplification, has been largely considered a single disease entity in terms of clinical outcome and in the susceptibility to the anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin). However, although the adjuvant/neoadjuvant use of the trastuzumab has been shown to significantly reduce recurrence risk when added to standard chemotherapy in women with early-stage cHER2+ BC, not all cases derive similar benefit from trastuzumab because a significant number of cHER2+ BC patients develop disease recurrence. Unfortunately, the identification of a robust clinical predictor of trastuzumab benefit, including HER2 itself, has proven challenging in the adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting. Thus, we suggest that a new generation of research needs to refine the prognostic taxonomy of cHER2+ BC and develop easy-to-use, clinicbased prediction algorithms to distinguish between good- and poor- responders to trastuzumab-based therapy ab initio. This study offered two hypotheses: 1.) HER2 overexpression can unexpectedly take place in a molecular background owned by basal-like BC (a commonly HER2-negative BC subtype which possesses many epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) characteristics and exhibits robust cancer stem cell [CSC]-like features), thus generating a so-called basal/cHER2+ BC subtype; 2.) the basal/cHER2+ phenotype confers poor prognosis and delineates a subgroup of intrinsically aggressive cHER2+ BC with primary resistance to trastuzumab...
Tesis inédita de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Farmacia, Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular II, leída el 03-02-2016