Publication:
Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Through Lifestyles: Analysing Gender and Age Diferences in Andalusia, Spain

dc.contributor.authorGómez Baya, Diego
dc.contributor.authorSalinas Pérez, José A.
dc.contributor.authorRodero Cosano, María Luisa
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez Gálvez, Javier
dc.date.accessioned2023-06-16T15:16:09Z
dc.date.available2023-06-16T15:16:09Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.description.abstractThis research aims to analyse the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and self-rated health (SRH) through its relationship with lifestyle factors, as well as examining these efects stratifed by gender and age groups. A cross-sectional study was performed with a representative sample from Andalusia (Southern Spain) composed of 1200 adults. The study analysed several variables related to lifestyle (healthy diet, physical activity and tobacco and alcohol consumption) and SES (education and income), along with SRH. The joint efects of SRH and the set of variables were studied by using a hierarchical linear regression analysis. Later a path analysis was carried out to test the impact of gender and age group on these associations. The results show that a better SRH was reported by men with lower age, higher SES, more frequent physical activity, healthy diet, and lower alcohol use compared with their counterparts. Income was directly related to better SRH through more physical activity, a healthier diet and less alcohol consumption. SES had a greater positive relationship with women’s health than with men’s health. In addition, a greater explained variance in SRH was observed in older women based on SES and lifestyle factors. Our fndings provide some cross-sectional evidence of the social inequalities in health mediated through lifestyle factors, with gender and age diferences. Therefore, socioeconomic inequalities should be addressed by public and social policies considering the gender and age gaps.
dc.description.departmentDepto. de Sociología: Metodología y Teoría
dc.description.facultyFac. de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología
dc.description.refereedTRUE
dc.description.sponsorshipMinisterio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)
dc.description.sponsorshipJunta de Andalucía
dc.description.statuspub
dc.eprint.idhttps://eprints.ucm.es/id/eprint/59363
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10900-020-00800-4
dc.identifier.issn0094-5145
dc.identifier.officialurlhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10900-020-00800-4
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14352/6076
dc.journal.titleJournal of Community Health
dc.language.isoeng
dc.page.final10
dc.page.initial1
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.relation.projectID(RYC-2016- 19353)
dc.relation.projectID(Grant No. PRY120/14)
dc.rights.accessRightsrestricted access
dc.subject.keywordSelf-rated health
dc.subject.keywordLifestyles
dc.subject.keywordSocioeconomic status
dc.subject.keywordGender
dc.subject.keywordAge
dc.subject.keywordPath analysis
dc.subject.ucmInvestigación social
dc.titleSocioeconomic Inequalities in Health Through Lifestyles: Analysing Gender and Age Diferences in Andalusia, Spain
dc.typejournal article
dspace.entity.typePublication
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