Publication:
The Dissociation between Adult Intelligence and Personality with Respect to Maltreatment Episodes and Externalizing Behaviors Occurring in Childhood

dc.contributor.authorFlores-Mendoza, Carmen
dc.contributor.authorEscorial Martín, Sergio
dc.contributor.authorHerrero, Oscar
dc.contributor.authorColom, Roberto
dc.date.accessioned2023-06-17T23:57:36Z
dc.date.available2023-06-17T23:57:36Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.description.abstractHere we analyze the simultaneous relationships among five variables. Two refer to childhood (episodes of various forms of maltreatment and externalizing behaviors), whereas three refer to early adulthood (intelligence, personality, and socialization difficulties). The 120 individuals considered for the present report were invited from the 650 schoolchildren participating in the Longitudinal Study of Intelligence and Personality (Minas Gerais, Brazil). The complete sample was recruited in 2002 (T1; mean age = 10.0; standard deviation (SD) = 2.2) and 120 were tested again in 2014-17 (T2; mean age = 23.5; SD = 2.2). Externalizing behaviors were registered at T1, whereas the remaining variables were obtained at T2. These were the main results: (1) externalizing behaviors predict future social effectiveness (as estimated by the general factor of personality derived from the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R) and socialization difficulties computed from the socialization scale (SOC)) and future intelligence performance (as assessed by a set of fluid and crystallized tests); (2) episodes of self-reported childhood maltreatment predict social effectiveness, but not intelligence; (3) maltreatment and externalizing behaviors are unrelated; and (4) social effectiveness (personality) and intelligence are unrelated. Therefore, the findings support the dissociation between adult intelligence and personality with respect to maltreatment episodes and externalizing behaviors occurring in childhood. Implications of these findings for social policies aimed at preventing adult socially ineffective personalities are underscored.
dc.description.departmentDepto. de Psicobiología y Metodología en Ciencias del Comportamiento
dc.description.facultyFac. de Psicología
dc.description.refereedTRUE
dc.description.sponsorshipBrazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq
dc.description.sponsorshipFoundation for Research Support of Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG)
dc.description.statuspub
dc.eprint.idhttps://eprints.ucm.es/id/eprint/62218
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/jintelligence6030031
dc.identifier.issn2079-3200
dc.identifier.officialurlhttps://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence6030031
dc.identifier.relatedurlhttps://www.mdpi.com/2079-3200/6/3/31
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14352/19088
dc.issue.number3
dc.journal.titleJournal of Intelligence
dc.language.isoeng
dc.page.initial31
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.projectID472181/2013-0
dc.relation.projectIDPPM-00087-14
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 España
dc.rights.accessRightsopen access
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.subject.keywordMaltreatment
dc.subject.keywordexternalizing behavior
dc.subject.keywordintelligence
dc.subject.keywordpersonality
dc.subject.keywordchildhood
dc.subject.keywordadulthood
dc.subject.ucmPsicología (Psicología)
dc.subject.ucmPersonalidad
dc.subject.unesco61 Psicología
dc.subject.unesco6111 Personalidad
dc.titleThe Dissociation between Adult Intelligence and Personality with Respect to Maltreatment Episodes and Externalizing Behaviors Occurring in Childhood
dc.typejournal article
dc.volume.number6
dspace.entity.typePublication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication5321a538-9cba-425e-bd4e-4571a1e8a227
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery5321a538-9cba-425e-bd4e-4571a1e8a227
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