Integrated direct contact membrane distillation for olive mill wastewater treatment

Thumbnail Image
Full text at PDC
Publication Date
El-Abbassi, A.
Hafidi, A.
García Payo, María del Carmen
Advisors (or tutors)
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Elsevier Science Bv
Google Scholar
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) process was applied for olive mill wastewater (OMW) treatment and its concentration using a commercial flat-sheet polytetrafluoroethylene membrane (TF200, Gelman) with 0.2 mu m mean pore size. The effects of the mean temperature and temperature difference on the DCMD permeate flux were studied. Two pre-treatment processes, coagulation/flocculation and microfiltration (MF), were considered and the effects of each one on the DCMD performance were investigated. MF was found to be the optimum pre-treatment to be integrated to DCMD for OMW. When the permeate temperature was kept constant at 20 degrees C, the DCMD permeate flux increased with the increase of the feed temperature. However, the permeate flux decreased with the feed phenol concentration of OMW. The concentration factor of each phenolic compound varied from 1.56 to 2.93. The main phenolic compound in the tested OMW samples was found to be the hydroxytyrosol, which was concentrated more than two times from 4.01 g/L to 8.16 g/L after 40 h of OMW processing by DCMD. The membrane fouling phenomenon was also studied. Results showed that the integrated MF/DCMD can be an effective process for the treatment and concentration of OMW obtaining clean water and a phenolic-rich concentrate.
© 2012 Elsevier B.V. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of AECI (Agencia Espanola de Cooperacion Internacional, Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperacion) through the projects A/023127/09 and A/032278/10.
UCM subjects
Unesco subjects
[1] E. Tsagaraki, H.N. Lazarides, K.B. Petrotos, Olive mill wastewater, In: in: V. Oreopoulou, W. Russ (Eds.), Utilisation of By-Products and Treatment of Waste in the Food Industry, Springer, New York, 2007, pp. 133–157. [2] E. De Marco, M. Savarese, A. Paduano, R. Sacchi, Characterization and fractionation of phenolic compounds extracted from olive mill wastewater, Food Chem. 104 (2007) 858–867. [3] H. Chimi, M. Rahmani, J. Cillard, P. Cillard, Autooxydation des huiles d'olive: rôle des composés phénoliques, Rev. Franç. Corps Gras 37 (1990) 363–367. [4] C. Manach, A. Scalbert, C. Morand, C. Remesy, L. Jiménez, Polyphenols: food sources and bioavailability, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 79 (2004) 727–747. [5] A. Scalbert, C. Manach, C. Morand, C. Rémésy, L. Jiménez, Dietary polyphenols and the prevention of diseases, Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 45 (2005) 287–306. [6] N. Adhoum, L.Moncer, Decolourization and removal of phenolic compounds fromolive mill wastewater by electrocoagulation, Chem. Eng. Process. 43 (2004) 1281–1287. [7] M. Ugurlu, I. Kula, Decolourization and removal of some organic compounds from olive mill wastewater by advanced oxidation processes and lime treatment, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 14 (2007) 319–325. [8] M.A. Miranda, A.M. Amat, A. Arques, Abatement of the major contaminants present in olive oil industry wastewaters by different oxidation methods: ozone and/or UV radiation versus solar light, Water Sci. Technol. 44 (2001) 325–330. [9] R. Borja, A. Martín, A. Garrido, Anaerobic digestion of black olive wastewater, Bioresour. Technol. 45 (1993) 27–32. [10] I.P. Marqués, Anaerobic digestion treatment of olive mill wastewater for effluent re-use in irrigation, Desalination 137 (2001) 233–239. [11] B. Zenjari, H. El Hajjouji, G. Ait Baddi, J.R. Bailly, J.C. Revel, A. Nejmeddine, M. Hafidi, Eliminating toxic compounds by composting olive mill wastewater–straw mixtures, J. Hazard. Mater. A138 (2006) 433–437. [12] C.J. Israilides, A.G. Vlyssides, V.N. Mourafeti, G. Karvouni, Olive oil wastewater treatment with the use of an electrolysis system, Bioresour. Technol. 61 (1997) 163–170. [13] E. Eroglu, I. Eroglu, U. Gündüz, L. Türker, M. Yücel, Biological hydrogen production from olive mill wastewater with two-stage processes, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 31 (2006) 1527–1535. [14] L. Sáez, J. Pérez, J. Martínez, Low molecular weight phenol attenuation during simulated treatment of wastewater from olive oil mills in evaporation ponds, Water Res. 26 (1992) 1261–1266. [15] E. Turano, S. Curcio, M.G. De Paola, V. Calabrò, G. Iorio, An integrated centrifugation–ultrafiltration system in the treatment of olive mil wastewater, J. Membr. Sci. 209 (2002) 519–531. [16] C.A. Paraskeva, V.G. Papadakis, E. Tsarouchi, D.G. Kanellopoulou, P.G. Koitsoukos, Membrane processing for olive mill wastewater fractionation, Desalination 213 (2007) 218–229. [17] C. Russo, A new membrane process for the selective fractionation and total recovery of polyphenols, water and organic substances from vegetation waters (VW), J. Membr. Sci. 288 (2007) 239–246. [18] C.M. Galanakis, E. Tornberg, V. Gekas, Clarification of high-added value products from olive mill wastewater, J. Food Eng. 99 (2010) 190–197. [19] T. Coskun, E. Debik, N.M. Demir, Treatment of olive mill wastewater by nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes, Desalination 259 (2010) 65–70. [20] E.O. Akdemir, A. Ozer, Investigation of two ultrafiltration membranes for treatment of olive oil mill wastewater, Desalination 249 (2009) 660–666. [21] O. Yahiaoui, H. Lounici, N. Abdi, N. Drouiche, N. Ghaffour, A. Pauss, N. Mameri, Treatment of olive mill wastewater by the combination of ultrafiltration and bipolar electrochemical reactor processes, Chem. Eng. Process. 50 (2011) 37–41. [22] A. El-Abbassi, A. Hafidi, M.C.M. García Payo, Khayet, Concentration of olive mill wastewater by membrane distillation for polyphenols recovery, Desalination 245 (2009) 670–674. [23] A. El-Abbassi, M. Khayet, A. Hafidi, Micellar enhanced ultrafiltration process for the treatment of olive mill wastewater, Water Res. 45 (2011) 4522–4530. [24] M. Khayet, T. Matsuura, Membrane Distillation: Principles and Applications, Elsevier, The Netherlands, 2011. [25] M. Khayet, Membranes and theoretical modeling of membrane distillation: a review, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 164 (2011) 56–88. [26] M.S. El-Bourawi, Z. Ding, R. Ma, M. Khayet, A framework for better understanding membrane distillation separation process, J. Membr. Sci. 285 (2006) 4–29. [27] M. Khayet, A. Velázquez, J.I. Mengual, Direct contact membrane distillation of humic acid solutions, J. Membr. Sci. 240 (2004) 123–128. [28] E. García Castello, A. Cassano, A. Criscuoli, C. Conidi, E. Drioli, Recovery and concentration of polyphenols from olive mill wastewaters by integrated membrane system, Water Res. 44 (2010) 3883–3892. [29] G. Aubert, Méthodes d'analyses des sols, In: C.R.D.P., Marseille, 1978, p. 189. [30] T.M. LaPara, J.E. Alleman, P. Greg-Pope, Miniaturized closed reflux, colorimetric method for the determination of chemical oxygen demand, Waste Manage. 20 (2000) 295–298. [31] M.M. Bradford, A rapid and sensitive method for the quantification of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding, Anal. Biochem. 12 (1976) 248–254. [32] APHA, American Public Health Association, In: Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater15th ed., 1981, p. 77, Washington, DC. [33] M. Qtaishat, M. Khayet, T. Matsuura, Novel porous composite hydrophobic/hydrophilic polysulfone membranes for desalination by direct contact membrane distillation, J. Membr. Sci. 341 (2009) 139–148. [34] M.C. García Payo, M. Essalhi, M. Khayet, L. García Fernández, K. Charfi, H. Arafat, Water desalination by membrane distillation using PVDF-HFP hollow fiber membranes, Membr. Water Treat. 2 (2010) 215–230. [35] D.Y. Hou, J. Wang, D. Qu, Z.K. Luan, C.W. Zhao, X.J. Ren, Desalination of brackish groundwater by direct contact membrane distillation, Water Sci. Technol. 61 (2010) 2013–2020. [36] V.L. Singleton, R. Orthofer, R.M. Lamuela-Raventos, Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin–Ciocalteu reagent, Methods Enzymol. 99 (1999) 152–178. [37] M. Bouaziz, I. Fki, H. Jemai, M. Ayadi, S. Sayadi, Effect of storage on refined and husk olive oils composition: stabilization by addition of natural antioxidants from Chemlali olive leaves, Food Chem. 108 (2008) 253–262. [38] M. Khayet, A. Velázquez, J.I. Mengual, Modelling mass transfer through a porous partition: effect of pore size distribution, J. Non-Equilib. Thermodyn. 29 (2004) 279–299.