Publication:
Les firmes multinationales russes: vers la maturité

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Publication Date
2011
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Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales (ICEI)
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L’étude des firmes multinationales (FMN) russes est devenue un vrai champ de recherche couvert aujourd’hui par une centaine de publications. Après avoir rappelé les conditions d’émergence de ces firmes, on compare leur investissement à l’étranger à celui des autres pays en transition, puis l’on met empiriquement en évidence leurs spécificités industrielle et régionale. Les FMN russes entrent mal dans le cadre des théories existantes du fait de leur opacité et de leurs interrelations avec les politiques de l’Etat russe, exigeant l’élaboration d’un modèle explicatif particulier. Par delà ce dernier, les FMN russes sont devenues un des piliers du capitalisme d’Etat en Russie.
The study of Russian multinational companies (MNCs) becomes a true field of research covered by a hundred of publications. In the first place the conditions of the origination of these companies are evoked, in the second one the comparison of their foreign investment toward the other countries in transition is being run; afterwards their industrial and regional specificity is empirically exposed. Russian MNCs can be difficult to suit the framework of the existing theories due to the fact of their opacity and their interrelations with the Russian State policy, which demands the elaboration of the particular explanation model. Apart from these last considerations, it is important to highlight that Russian MNCs became one of the mainstays of the State capitalism in Russia.
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Desarrollo económico, Empresas
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5307.03 Modelos y Teorías del desarrollo Económico, 5307.04 Estudios del desarrollo Económico, 5311 Organización y Dirección de Empresas
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