Publication:
Stabilization of comfort and visual quality after the insertion of soft contact lenses

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2021-08-06
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Elsevier
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Purpose: To evaluate comfort, visual function, and in vivo wettability after the insertion of hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lenses for a better understanding of how long practitioners should wait for the initial evaluation of soft contact lenses. Methods: A short-term prospective, contralateral, randomized, and participant-masked study was carried out. Twenty healthy participants (25.4 ± 2.6 years) were evaluated after the insertion of two different soft contact lenses at different times (1, 5, 10, 20, 30 min). Ocufilcon D (hydrogel) and Somofilcon A (silicone hydrogel) contact lenses were randomly assigned to both eyes of the same participant. Comfort, visual function under photopic conditions in terms of high-contrast visual acuity, low-contrast visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and in vivo wettability were measured. Results: There was an increase in comfort (p < 0.001), high-contrast visual acuity (p < 0.05), and contrast sensitivity (p < 0.001, only with silicone hydrogel) directly related to time after contact lens insertion. Besides, in vivo wettability suffered a statistically significant deterioration directly related to time with both contact lenses (p < 0.05). Except for comfort and contrast sensitivity, all the parameters stabilized their values 10 min after the insertion of both soft contact lenses. Additionally, in vivo wettability and visual acuity differences were found between hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lenses (p < 0.05). Conclusions: It would be possible to properly evaluate high-contrast visual acuity, low-contrast visual acuity, and in vivo wettability 10 min after the insertion of both soft contact lenses.
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Received 24 February 2021 / Received in revised form 20 July 2021 / Accepted 1 August 2021 / Available online 6 August 2021.
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