Singular boundary behaviour and large solutions for fractional elliptic equations

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We perform a unified analysis for the boundary behaviour of solutions to nonlocal fractional equations posed in bounded domains. Based on previous findings for some models of the fractional Laplacian operator, we show how it strongly differs from the boundary behaviour of solutions to elliptic problems modelled upon the Laplace–Poisson equation with zero boundary data. In the classical case it is known that, at least in a suitable weak sense, solutions of the homogeneous Dirichlet problem with a forcing term tend to zero at the boundary. Limits of these solutions then produce solutions of some non-homogeneous Dirichlet problem as the interior data concentrate suitably to the boundary. Here, we show that, for equations driven by a wide class of nonlocal fractional operators, different blowup phenomena may occur at the boundary of the domain. We describe such explosive behaviours and obtain precise quantitative estimates depending on simple parameters of the nonlocal operators. Our unifying technique is based on a careful study of the inverse operator in terms of the corresponding Green function.
CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)
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