Death in custody in Spain: Excited delirium syndrome. Importance of a multidisciplinary approach

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This article aims to analyse the excited delirium syndrome, especially, when Law Enforcement Officers have to make use of force and deaths in custody occur. Through a bibliographic review, inferences have been obtained to identify, in first place, what a death in custody is and the differences between positional asphyxia and excited delirium syndrome. Subsequently, we have summarized the major findings that the medical examiner should look for in order to diagnose the excited delirium syndrome from the scene examination, the autopsy and the complementary analysis. Finally, we propose some directives that may help to avoid the death of these subjects and to study them in case they occur.
CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)