LiDAR Datasets Applied to Roman Gold Mining Studies in NW Iberia. Response to Paper: Roman Gold Mining at “Las Miédolas” (NW Spain): Lidar and Photo Interpretation in the Analysis of “Peines”

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Early LiDAR datasets in Spain are available since 2014 (5-m resolution), when the first works were carried out by our team (Fernández-Lozano and Gutiérrez-Alonso Mapping 167:22–29, 2014; Fernández-Lozano et al. J Archaeol Sci 2014:356–373, 2015). The implementation of LiDAR to 1-m resolution was subsequently used and compared by Fernández-Lozano and Gutiérrez-Alonso (J Archaeol Sci 5:509–520, 2016) in combination with UAV-derived (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) photogrammetry. These works showed different Roman gold mining scenarios that were modeled providing outstanding results even with the poorest resolution LiDAR datasets. Moreover, the implementation of visual enhancement tools, widely used in different fields of archeology, geomorphology, and geology, such as Sky-View, Multi-hillside, Slope, LRM, Openness, and Principal Components have improved notably the interpretation of results in both mining and archeological works. This paper discusses the potential and insights provided by our methodological approach and shows that the results of its application to the study area of Las Miédolas can provide better results than those obtained by Matías and Llamas.
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