Publication: Development of an Electrochemical CCL5 Chemokine Immunoplatform for Rapid Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis
Full text at PDC
Advisors (or tutors)
Serum level of CCL5 chemokine is considered an emerging biomarker for multiple sclerosis (MS). Due to the lack of specific assays for this disease, the development of a point-of-care test for rapid detection of MS could lead to avoiding diagnostics delays. In this paper, we report the first electrochemical immunoplatform for quantification of the CCL5 biomarker at the clinically required levels, able to discriminate between patients diagnosed with MS and healthy individuals. The immunosensing device involves protein capture from biological samples by complexation with biotinylated specific antibodies immobilized onto neutravidin-functionalized microparticles and sandwich assay with anti-CCL5 antibody and IgG labelled with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for the enzyme-catalyzed amperometric detection of H2O2 using hydroquinone (HQ) as the redox mediator. The method shows excellent analytical performance for clinical application with a wide linear range of concentrations (0.1–300 ng·mL−1 CCL5, R2 = 0.998) and a low detection limit (40 pg·mL−1 CCL5). The biosensing platform was applied to the determination of the CCL5 endogenous content in 100-fold diluted sera both from healthy individuals and patients diagnosed with MS, with no further sample treatment in just two hours. The results were successfully compared with those obtained by the ELISA methodology.