Diversidad humana, “razas” y comportamiento económico: la posición de los economistas clásicos

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En este artículo analizaremos la cuestión de la diversidad humana y el comportamiento económico en el pensamiento de los economistas clásicos. Nos centraremos en la explicación de las diferencias en el comportamiento y los resultados económicos en el contexto del debate racial del siglo XIX. Nuestro objetivo específico será responder a dos cuestiones fundamentales: ¿sostienen los economistas clásicos la idea de la igualdad humana? ¿Hay racismo en sus análisis económicos?
In this paper we will discuss the question of the human diversity and economic behavior in the thought of classical economists. We will focus on the explanation of the differences in the economic behavior and outcomes in the context of 19th century racial debate. Our specific aim is to answer the following two key questions: Do classical economists support the idea of human equality? Is there racism in their economic analysis?
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