Capital flows and financial crises: a comparative analysis of East Asia (1997-1998) and Argentina (2001-2002)

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Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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El texto sugiere, en primer lugar, que los mecanismos de las crisis financieras en las economías emergentes pueden entenderse con un sencillo marco teórico. En segundo término, repasa brevemente las crisis asiáticas de 1997-98. En tercer lugar, aborda los orígenes de la crisis de Argentina en 2001-02. En cuarto lugar, hace un análisis comparado de ambas crisis, presentando sus similitudes y diferencias. Finalmente, el texto concluye señalando los inconvenientes de los tipos de cambio (tanto fijos como semi-fijos) anclados a una única divisa de referencia así como la necesidad de que las economías emergentes implanten controles de capital para evitar la recurrencia de las crisis.
This paper suggests, first, that a simple theoretical framework is useful in explaining financial crises in emerging economies. Second, it reviews the East Asian financial crises of 1997-98 . Third, the paper examines the origins of Argentina’s crisis of 2001-02. Fourth, it presents a comparative analysis of both crises, highlighting their similarities and differences. Finally, the conclusions point out the drawbacks of both hard and soft pegs respective to a single foreign currency as well as the need for emerging economies to use capital controls in order to avoid the recurrence of financial crises.
JEL Classification: F31, F32, F34, F43.
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