Publication: Perturbation of the exponential type of linear nonautonomous parabolic equations and applications to nonlinear equations
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American Institute of Mathematical Sciences
Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in a Euclidean space, with a smooth boundary. The paper deals with the linear non-autonomous model equation $$ u_t-\Delta u=C(t,x) \quad (x\in \Omega,\ t>0), $$ where $C(x,t)$ is a given function. Besides, various boundary conditions are imposed. The author suggests sharp qualitative and quantitative conditions to guarantee that the exponential type of the considered equation is modified by a linear perturbation. No assumption (periodic, almost periodic, quasi periodic etc.) is made on the time behavior of the coefficients of the equation or the perturbation. The obtained results are then applied to the investigation of the asymptotic behavior, both forwards and backwards, of solutions of certain nonautonomous nonlinear equations.