Dynamical and excited-state quantum phase transitions in collective systems

Thumbnail Image
Full text at PDC
Publication Date
Corps, Angel L.
Advisors (or tutors)
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
American Physical Society
Google Scholar
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
We study dynamical phase transitions (DPTs) in quantum many-body systems with infinite-range interaction, and present a theory connecting the two kinds of known DPTs (sometimes referred to as DPTs-I and DPTs-II) with the concept of excited-state quantum phase transition (ESQPT), traditionally found in collective models. We show that DPTs-I appear as a manifestation of symmetry restoration after a quench from the broken-symmetry phase, the limits between these two phases being demarcated precisely by an ESQPT. We describe the order parameters of DPTs-I with a generalization of the standard microcanonical ensemble incorporating the infor-mation of two additional conserved charges identifying the corresponding phase. We also show that DPTs-I are linked to a mechanism of information erasure brought about by the ESQPT, and quantify this information loss with the statistical ensemble that we propose. Finally, we show analytically the main mechanism for DPTs-II is forbidden in these systems for quenches leading a broken-symmetry initial state to the same broken-symmetry phase, on one side of the ESQPT, and we provide a formulation of DPTs-II depending on the side of the ESQPT where the quench ends. We analyze the connections between various indicators of DPTs-II. Our results are numerically illustrated in the infinite-range transverse-field Ising model and are applicable to a large class of collective quantum systems satisfying a set of conditions.
©2022 American Physical Society. We gratefully acknowledge discussions with P. Pérez Fernández and J. Dukelsky. This work has been supported by the Spanish Grant No. PGC-2018-094180-B-I00 funded by Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación/Agencia Estatal de Investigación MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 and FEDER "A Way of Making Europe". A.L.C. acknowledges financial support from `la Caixa' Foundation (ID 100010434) through the Fellowship No. LCF/BQ/DR21/11880024.
UCM subjects
Unesco subjects