Silac-based quantitative proteomic analysis of Lactobacillus reuteri CRL 1101 response to the presence of selenite and selenium nanoparticles

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Stable isotope labeling in cell culture (SILAC) was applied for the first time on a lactic acid bacterium strain (L. reuteri CRL1101) for analyzing differential protein expression associated to selenite(Na2SeO3) and selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) exposure. 57 and 47 proteins were found de-regulated by >1,5 fold in presence of selenite and SeNPs, respectively. Only 16 out of 104 proteins differentially expressed were commonly altered by selenite and SeNPs. The use of a clustered heat map allows us to visualize relations between the de-regulated proteins and exposure conditions. We identified a number of proteins involved in diverse functions and biological processes such as metabolism of carbohydrates, selenium and lipids; folding, sorting and degradation; environmental information and processing. In presence of both, selenite and SeNPs, proteins related to selenium metabolism such as cystathione beta-lyase and oxidoreductases (thioredoxine reductase and NAD/FAD oxidoreductase) were over expressed. Interestingly, the over expression of thioredoxin reductase could protect the host from oxidizing compounds. An over expression of phage proteins and chaperones with selenite was observed; this result and the fact that a lower cell count was detected when selenite was added could indicate that this latter Se species has a more deleterious effect than the nanoparticles.