Effect of Melatonin and Its Analogs on Tear Secretion

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Crooke, Almudena
Dominguez Godínez, Carmen Olalla
Pintor, Jesús
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American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
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Melatonin has been shown to enhance tear secretion associated with dinucleotide diadenosine tetraphosphate. This study investigated the isolated action of melatonin and its analogs, agomelatine, N-butanoyl-2-(2-methoxy-6H-isoindolo[2,1-a]indol-11-yl) ethanamine (IIK7), and 5-methoxycarbonylamino-N-cetyltryptamine (5-MCA-NAT) (10 µl at 100 µM), on tear secretion when applied topically in the rabbit cornea and its relationship with the melatonin MT1, MT2, and MT3/quinone reductase QR2 receptors. The results showed a significant increase in tear secretion, with a maximal effect at 60 minutes for the agonists (138.9% ± 6.5%, 128.9% ± 6.4%, and 120.0% ± 5.2%, respectively; P < 0.05; 100% control) but not for melatonin (101.6% ± 7.9%; P > 0.05). Agonist action was tested combined with the antagonists DH97 (MT2 selective), prazosin (MT3/QR2 inhibitor), and luzindole (nonselective MT membrane receptor) (10 µl at 100 µM). DH97 reversed the effect of agomelatine, IIK7, and 5-MCA-NAT up to 30.85% ± 7.6%,108% ± 7.2%, and 87.01% ± 7.6%, respectively (P < 0.05; 100% control). Luzindole antagonized agomelatine and 5-MCA-NAT up to 67.35% ± 7.6% and 92.12% ± 8%, respectively (P < 0.05). Prazosin only reversed 5-MCA-NAT action up to 84.2% ± 7.7% (P < 0.05). These results suggest different pathways for the agonists to act through MT membrane receptors. Therefore, agomelatine, IIK7, and 5-MCA-NAT act through MT membrane receptors as secretagogues of tear secretion, and these analogs could be considered excellent therapeutic candidates for dry eye treatment.
En memoria de Jesús Pintor.
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