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El emprendimiento social como una competencia transversal: construcción y validación de un instrumento de valoración en el contexto universitario

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2020
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Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Escuela de Estudios Cooperativos
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La educación del futuro capital humano dentro de la educación superior resalta la necesidad de formar agentes de cambio, con una serie de competencias que les permitan identificar problemas, proponer y ejecutar soluciones sostenibles y bajo principios éticos. En este contexto el emprendimiento social sobresale como una competencia estratégica que empiezan a incorporar las instituciones de educación en su currículo. El objetivo de este estudio fue validar la construcción de un instrumento de valoración de la competencia de emprendimiento social a partir de la revisión de literatura, juicio de expertos y análisis factorial. El proceso que se siguió corresponde a una revisión de literatura respecto a la operacionalización de la variable e instrumentos de medición relacionados, validación de contenido por juicio de ocho expertos, y validación por análisis factorial y consistencia interna del instrumento, mediante la prueba empírica con estudiantes de diversas disciplinas del nivel superior (n=98) dentro de una universidad privada de México. El proceso de validación indicó la operacionalización de la competencia en cinco dimensiones, con una consistencia interna adecuada y un buen ajuste en el modelo de análisis factorial confirmatorio. Generando un instrumento aplicable en contextos universitarios y de formación de emprendedores sociales.
The education of future human capital within higher education highlights the need to train change agents, with a series of competencies that allow them to identify problems, propose and execute sustainable solutions and under ethical principles. In this context, social entrepreneurship stands out as a strategic competence that educational institutions are beginning to incorporate into their curriculum. The objective of this study was to validate the construction of an instrument to assess the competence of social entrepreneurship based on the review of literature, expert judgment, and factor analysis. The process that was followed corresponds to a literature review regarding the operationalization of the variable and related measurement instruments, validation of content by the judgment of eight experts, and validation by factor analysis and internal consistency of the instrument, through empirical testing with students from various disciplines at the higher level (n=98) within a private university in Mexico. The validation process indicated the operationalization of the competence in five dimensions, with adequate internal consistency and a good fit in the confirmatory factor analysis model. Generating an instrument applicable in university contexts and in the training of social entrepreneurs.
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