Publication: Differentiation strategies in coffee farms: opportunities for Costa Rican growers
Full text at PDC
Advisors (or tutors)
Cambridge University Press
This study investigates the determinants of coffee prices received by growers in Costa Rica,paying attention to the impact of environmental, regional, quality, and international aspects in a panel data set for the period 2008–2016. We identify three groups of variables that affect domestic coffee prices. Some of them are external to the control of the coffee growers, such as the international price of green coffee or the power of multinationals; others, such as the altitude where the coffee is harvested or the berries’ yield, are related to coffee quality but difficult to modify by coffee growers. The focus of our study is on the third group, which refers to differentiation strategies related to environmental certifications. More specifically, we consider two particularly relevant certifications, which are Fairtrade mills and organic coffee. We find that organic coffee berries received higher prices, but Fairtrade mills report lower average prices than other, non-certified, buyers.
CRUE-CSIC (Acuerdos Transformativos 2022)