Jet stream position explains regional anomalies in European beech forest productivity and tree growth

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The mechanistic pathways connecting ocean-atmosphere variability and terrestrial productivity are well-established theoretically, but remain challenging to quantify empirically. Such quantification will greatly improve the assessment and prediction of changes in terrestrial carbon sequestration in response to dynamically induced climatic extremes. The jet stream latitude (JSL) over the North Atlantic-European domain provides a synthetic and robust physical framework that integrates climate variability not accounted for by atmospheric circulation patterns alone. Surface climate impacts of north-south summer JSL displacements are not uniform across Europe, but rather create a northwestern-southeastern dipole in forest productivity and radial-growth anomalies. Summer JSL variability over the eastern North Atlantic-European domain (5-40E) exerts the strongest impact on European beech, inducing anomalies of up to 30% in modelled gross primary productivity and 50% in radial tree growth. The net effects of JSL movements on terrestrial carbon fluxes depend on forest density, carbon stocks, and productivity imbalances across biogeographic regions. Here the authors show that extremes in the summer jet stream position over Europe create a beech forest productivity dipole between northwestern and southeastern Europe and can result in regional anomalies in forest carbon uptake and growth.
Artículo firmado por 54 autores. This work was supported by Fundacio La Caixa through the Junior Leader Program (LCF/BQ/LR18/11640004) and the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid through the Programa Propio (PINV-18-SBSYN2-105-F1TXYR). The following authors acknowledge funding support. I.D.L.: Agnese N. Haury Visiting Scholar & Trainee Fellowship (Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona), the Mobility Award Jose Castillejo, Ministry of Education, Spanish Government (CAS19/00331) and the Programa de Ayudas Beatriz Galindo, Secretaría de Estado de Universidades, Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación (#BG20/00065). V.T.: National Science Foundation CAREER grant (AGS-1349942). B.A.: Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation through the JeDiS project (RTI-2018-096402-B-I00). F.B.: project "Inside out" (#POIR.04.04.00-00-5F85/18-00) funded by the HOMING program of the Foundation for Polish Science co-financed by the European Union under the European Regional Development Fund. AB, AM, CSZ: Bavarian Ministry of Science and the Arts in the context of the Bavarian Climate Research Network (BayKliF). A.H.: PinCaR project (UHU-1266324) by ERD Funds, Andalucía Regional Government, Consejería de Economía, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad 2014-2020. EM-S: Swiss National Science Foundation project TRoxy (No. 200021_175888). A.S.J.: Natural Environment Research Council grants NE/V00929X/1 and NE/S010041/1. J.K., L.M., M.M.T., R.W., M.W.: research training group RESPONSE funded by the German Research Council (DFG Fi 846/8-1, DFG GRK2010). AMP: Romanian Ministry of Research, Innovation, and Digitization, Project-PN-19070506/Ctr. no. 12N/2019. I.C.P.: grant of the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research, CNCS-UEFISCDI within PNCDI III (PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2020-2696). R.S.S.: DendrOlavide I (EQC2018-005303-P), Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, Spain; DendrOlavide II (IE19_074 UPO), VURECLIM (P20_00813) and VULBOS (UPO-1263216). T.L.: Slovenian Research Agency-research core funding no. P4-0107 Program research group "Forest Biology, Ecology and Technology". We thank Virgilio Gómez-Rubio for assistance and advice on the LMM development. We thank Christoph Dittmar, Wolfram Elling, and numerous students of the University of Applied Sciences Weihenstephan-Triesdorf for providing European beech tree-ring chronologies.
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