MAGIC observation of the GRB 080430 afterglow

Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Context. Gamma-ray bursts are cosmological sources emitting radiation from the gamma-rays to the radio band. Substantial observational efforts have been devoted to the study of gamma-ray bursts during the prompt phase, i.e. the initial burst of high-energy radiation, and during the long-lasting afterglows. In spite of many successes in interpreting these phenomena, there are still several open key questions about the fundamental emission processes, their energetics and the environment. Aims. Independently of specific gamma-ray burst theoretical recipes, spectra in the GeV/TeV range are predicted to be remarkably simple, being satisfactorily modeled with power-laws, and therefore offer a very valuable tool to probe the extragalactic background light distribution. Furthermore, the simple detection of a component at very-high energies, i.e. at similar to 100GeV, would solve the ambiguity about the importance of various possible emission processes, which provide barely distinguishable scenarios at lower energies. Methods. We used the results of the MAGIC telescope observation of the moderate resdhift (z similar to 0.76) GRB 080430 at energies above about 80 GeV, to evaluate the perspective for late-afterglow observations with ground based GeV/TeV telescopes. Results. We obtained an upper limit of F(95% CL) = 5.5 x 10(-11) erg cm(-2) s(-1) for the very-high energy emission of GRB 080430, which cannot set further constraints on the theoretical scenarios proposed for this object also due to the difficulties in modeling the low-energy afterglow. Nonetheless, our observations show that Cherenkov telescopes have already reached the required sensitivity to detect the GeV/TeV emission of GRBs at moderate redshift (z less than or similar to 0.8), provided the observations are carried out at early times, close to the onset of their afterglow phase.
© ESO 2010. We would like to thank the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias for the excellent working conditions at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos in La Palma. The support of the German BMBF and MPG, the Italian INFN and Spanish MICINN is gratefully acknowledged. This work was also supported by ETH Research Grant TH 34/043, by the Polish MNiSzW Grant N N203 390834, and by the YIP of the Helmholtz Gemeinschaft. We also thank Yizhong Fan for continuous theoretical support. Lorenzo Amati, Cristiano Guidorzi, Alessandra Galli, Daniele Malesani and Ruben Salvaterra for useful discussions. We finally remark the very constructive report from the referee which helped to substantially improve the paper.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., et al. 2009, Nature, 462, 331. Achterberg, A., Gallant, Y. A., Kirk, J. G., Gauthmann, A.W. 2001, MNRAS, 328, 393 Aharonian, F., Akhperjianian, A. G., Barres DeAlmeida, U., et al. 2009, ApJ, 690, 1068. Aharonian, F., Buckley, J., Kifune, T., et al. 2008, Rep. Prog. Phys., 71. Albert, J., Aliu, E., Anderhub, H., et al. 2006, ApJ, 641, 9. Albert, J., Aliu, E., Anderhub, H., et al. 2007, ApJ, 667, 358. Albert, J., Aliu, E., Anderhub, H., et al. 2008, Science, 320, 1752. Amati, L., Frontera, F., Tavani, M., et al. 2002, A&A, 390, 81. Band, D., Matteson, J., Ford, L., et al. 1993, ApJ, 413, 281. Band, D. L., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., et al. 2009, ApJ, 701, 1673. Böttcher, M., Dermer, C. D. 1998, ApJ, 499, 131. Covino, S., Garczarczyk, G., Galante, N., et al. 2009a, AIP Conf. Proc., 1112, 172. Covino, S., Garczarczyk, G., Gaug, M., et al. 2009b, [arXiv:0907.0993]. Cucchiara, A., Fox, D. B. 2008, GCN, 7654. de Palma, F., Bregeon, J., Tajima, H., et al. 2009a, GCN, 9867. de Palma, F., Bissaldi, E., Tajima, H., et al. 2009b, GCN, 9872. Dermer, C. D., Fryer, C. L. 2008, [arXiv:0809.3959]. de Ugarte Postigo, A., Christensen, L., Gorosabel, J., et al. 2008, GCN, 7650. Ellison, D. C., Double, G. P. 2004, APh, 22, 323. Falcone, A. D., Wialliams, D. A., Baring, M. G., et al. 2008, [arXiv:0810.0520]. Fan, Y.-Z. 2009, MNRAS, 397, 1539. Fan, Y.-Z., Piran, T. 2006, MNRAS, 369, 197. Fan, Y.-Z., Piran, T. 2008, Frontiers of Physics in China, 3, 306. Franceschini, A., Rodighiero, G., Vaccari, M. 2008, A&A, 487, 837. Galli, A., Piro, L. 2007, A&A, 475, 421. Galli, A., Piro, L. 2008, A&A, 489, 1073. Garczarczyk, M., Gaug, Ma., Antonelli, A., et al. 2009, [arXiv:0907.1001]. Gaug, M., Covino, S., Garczarczyk, M., et al. 2009, [arXiv:0907.0996]. Gehrels, N., Chincarini G., Giommi, P., et al. 2004, ApJ, 611, 1005. Ghisellini, G., Ghirlanda, G., Nava, L., Firmani, C. 2007, ApJ, 658, 75. Gilmore, R. C., Madau, P., Primack, J. R., Somerville, R. S., Haardt, F. 2009, MNRAS, 399, 1694. Gilmore, R. C., Prada, F., Primack, J. R., et al. 2010, MNRAS, 402, 565. Gou, L.-J., Mészáros, P. 2007, ApJ, 668, 1045. Guidorzi, C., Barthelmy, S. D., Beardmore, A. P., et al. 2008a, GCN, 7647. Guidorzi, C., Stamatikos, M., Landsman, W., et al. 2008b, GCNR, 139. Harrison, F. A., Yost, S. A., Sari, R., et al. 2001, ApJ, 559, 123. Kneiske, T. M., Bretz, T., Manheim, K., Hartmann, D. H. 2004, A&A, 413, 807. Koeveliotou, C., Meegan, C. A., Fishman, G. J., et al. 1993, ApJ, 413, 101. Kumar, P., Barniol Duran, R. 2009, MNRAS, 400, L75. Le, T., Dermer, C. D. 2009, ApJ, 700, 1026. Lyutikov, M. 2009, [arXiv:0911.0349]. Molinari, E., Vergani, S. D., Malesani, D., et al. 2007, A&A, 469, 13. Murase, K., Zhang, B., Takahashi, K., Nagataki, S. 2009, MNRAS, 396, 1825. Murase, K., Toma, K., Yamazaki, R., Nagataki, S., Ioka, K. 2010, MNRAS, 402, 54. Nousek, J. A., Kouveliotou, C., Grupe, D., et al. 2006, ApJ, 642, 389. Panaitescu, A. 2005, MNRAS, 363, 1409. Panaitescu, A. 2006, NCimB, 121, 1099. Panaitescu, A. 2008, MNRAS, 385, 1628. Panaitescu, A., Kumar, P. 2002, ApJ, 571, 779. Pe’er, A., Waxman, E. 2004, ApJ, 633, 1018. Piran, T. 1999, Phys. Rep., 314, 575. Sari, R., Esin, A. A. 2001, ApJ, 548, 787. Sakamoto, T., Hullinger, D., Sato, G., et al. 2008, ApJ, 679, 570. Sakamoto, T., Sato, G., Barbier, L., et al. 2009, ApJ, 693, 922. Shen, R., Kumar, P., Robinson, E. L. 2006, MNRAS, 371, 1441. Stamatikos, M., Barthelmy, S. D., Baumgartner, W., et al. 2008, GCN, 7656. Tam, P. H., Wagner, S. J., Pühlhofer, G., et al. 2006, NCimB, 121, 1595. Vietri, M. 2003, ApJ, 591, 954. Xue, R. R., Tam, P. H., Wagner, S. J., et al. 2009, ApJ, 703, 60. Yost, S. A., Harrison, F. A., Sari, R., Frail, D. A. 2003, ApJ, 597, 459. Wei, D.-M., Fan, Y.-Z. 2007, ChJAA, 7, 509. Zhang, B. 2007, Chin. J. Astron. Astrophys., 7, 1. Zhang, B., & Mészáros, P. 2004, IJMPA, 19, 2385. Zhang, B., Fan, Y. Z., Dyks, J., et al. 2006, ApJ, 642, 354. Zhang, B., Liang, E., Page, K., et al. 2007, ApJ, 655, 989.