Total absorption γ-ray spectroscopy of niobium isomers

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The beta-intensity distributions of the decays of Nb-100gs,Nb-100m and Nb-102gs,Nb-102m have been determined using the total absorption gamma-ray spectroscopy technique. The JYFLTRAP double Penning trap system was employed in a campaign of challenging measurements performed with the decay total absorption gamma-ray spectrometer at the Ion Guide Isotope Separator On-Line facility in Jyvaskyla. Different strategies were applied to disentangle the isomeric states involved, lying very close in energy. The low-spin component of each niobium case was populated through the decay of the zirconium parent, which was treated as a contaminant. We have applied a method to extract this contamination, and additionally we have obtained beta-intensity distributions for these zirconium decays. The beta-strength distributions evaluated with these results were compared with calculations in a quasiparticle random-phase approximation, suggesting a prolate configuration for the ground states of Zr-100,Zr-102. The footprint of the Pandemonium effect was found when comparing our results for the analyses of the niobium isotopes with previous decay data. The beta-intensities of the decay of Nb-102m, for which there were no previous data, were obtained. A careful evaluation of the uncertainties was carried out, and the consistency of our results was validated taking advantage of the segmentation of our spectrometer. The final results were used as input in reactor summation calculations. A large impact on antineutrino spectrum calculations was already reported, and here we detail the significant impact on decay heat calculations.
Artículo firmado por 45 autores. ©2019 American Physical Society. This work has been supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad under Grants No. FPA2011-24553, No. AIC-A-2011-0696, No. FPA2014-52823-C2-1-P, No. FPA2015-65035-P, No. FPI/BES-2014-068222, No. FPA2017-83946-C2-1-P, and the program Severo Ochoa (SEV-2014-0398), by the Spanish Ministerio de Educación under the FPU12/01527 Grant, by the European Commission under the FP7/EURATOM Contract No. 605203 and the FP7/ENSAR Contract No. 262010, and by the Junta para la Ampliación de Estudios Programme (CSIC JAE-Doc contract) co-financed by ESF. We acknowledge the support of the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) Grant No. ST/P005314/1. This work was also supported by the Academy of Finland under the Finnish Centre of Excellence Programme (Project No. 213503, Nuclear and Accelerator-Based Physics Research at JYFL). The authors thank the IAEA for supporting and encouraging the work in this field.
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