Economía del terrorismo: teoría y aplicaciones

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Buesa Blanco, Mikel
Baumert, Thomas
Heijs, Joost
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Instituto de Análisis Industrial y Financiero (IAIF)
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En este artículo se presenta un resumen de la literatura económica sobre el terrorismo. Tras una revisión de los conceptos del terrorismo y de la presentación y análisis de las principales fuentes de datos utilizadas en la literatura, se recogen las principales argumentaciones sobre las causas del terrorismo desde el punto de vista económico, los análisis realizados sobre la financiación del terrorismo y sobre los efectos económicos del mismo, así como las valoraciones de las políticas contra el terrorismo desde la visión de los economistas. Para terminar se plantean algunas de las líneas de avance de la investigación en esta área.
In this article, we present an overview of the economic literature about terrorism. After a revision of the terrorism concepts and the main data sources, we show the more important explanations about the causes of terrorism from the economic point of view, the studies about the financial terrorism and about his economics effects, also the economic valuations of the counterterrorism policies. In conclusion we present some of the research areas that need improvements.
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