Repensando el feminismo: el debate de la gestación subrogada en México, España e Italia

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Surrogacy allows us to become a father or a mother (intentional father / mother) through a third person (the gestational surrogate). In this practice, procreative will has a very high value and prevails over gametes and gestation. The surrogacy has a huge spread all over the world. More and more people are resorting to surrogacy for having children and forming a family to the detriment of other forms of parenting such as national and international adoption. The article focuses particularly on surrogacy for homosexual people, which has become one of the main reasons for reflection or breaking of the international feminist movements. The opportunity to compare the debates about this issue that have developed in three different national contexts - Mexico, Spain and Italy - allows for a broad reflection of how surrogacy is not a homogeneous phenomenon, but an interweaving of questions and discourse regimes into which current debates on feminism, maternal function and self-determination / heteronomy of the female body converge. Finally, surrogacy and reproductive events transformed by new technologies allow us to reflect broadly on international feminism in the new context of colonial power matrix, and on the way surrogacy redesigns new power relationships between different feminist groups within the national contexts.
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