Amnesia disociativa más allá de las evidencias sobre el funcionamiento de la memoria

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Se ha debatido largamente sobre la realidad de las memorias disociativas. Desde perspectivas clínicas se ha apoyado la existencia de este fenómeno que se ha intentado extrapolar a contextos legales. Sin embargo, existe poca evidencia para poder confirmarlo, al tiempo que las memorias disociativas o reprimidas irían en contra del funcionamiento normal de la memoria. La confusión entre psicología clínica y psicología forense, una inadecuada definición de amnesia, la carencia de un completo conocimiento de los mecanismos de la memoria, y los problemas inherentes a la investigación sobre las memorias traumáticas explicarían la falta de acuerdo.
The reality of dissociative amnesia has been debated at length. From a clinical perspective, there is support for the existence of this phenomenon, with attempts to extrapolate it to legal contexts. However, there is little evidence to confirm it and, moreover, dissociative amnesias or repressed memories would go against evidences about the functioning of memory. The confusion between clinical psychology and forensic psychology, an inadequate definition of amnesia, the lack of a complete knowledge regarding the mechanisms of memory, and the problems inherent to the research of traumatic memories could explain the lack of agreement.
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