Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier

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First Name
Luis Javier
Last Name
Garay Elizondo
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Faculty / Institute
Ciencias Físicas
Física Teórica
Física Teórica
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 25
  • Publication
    The trans-Planckian problem as a guiding principle
    (Int School Advanced Studies, 2011-11) Barbado, L. C.; Barceló, C.; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Jannes, Gil
    We use the avoidance of the trans-Planckian problem of Hawking radiation as a guiding principle in searching for a compelling scenario for the evaporation of black holes or black-hole-like objects. We argue that there exist only three possible scenarios, depending on whether the classical notion of long-lived horizon is preserved by high-energy physics and on whether the dark and compact astrophysical objects that we observe have long-lived horizons in the first place. Along the way, we find that i) a theory with high-energy superluminal signalling and a long-lived trapping horizon would be extremely unstable in astrophysical terms and that i i) stellar pulsations of objects hovering right outside but extremely close to their gravitational radius can result in a mechanism for Hawking-like emission.
  • Publication
    Inhomogeneous loop quantum cosmology: hybrid quantization of the Gowdy model
    (Amer Physical Soc, 2010-08-30) Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Martin Benito, M.; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.
    The Gowdy cosmologies provide a suitable arena to further develop loop quantum cosmology, allowing the presence of inhomogeneities. For the particular case of Gowdy spacetimes with the spatial topology of a three-torus and a content of linearly polarized gravitational waves, we detail a hybrid quantum theory in which we combine a loop quantization of the degrees of freedom that parametrize the subfamily of homogeneous solutions, which represent Bianchi I spacetimes, and a Fock quantization of the inhomogeneities. Two different theories are constructed and compared, corresponding to two different schemes for the quantization of the Bianchi I model within the improved dynamics formalism of loop quantum cosmology. One of these schemes has been recently put forward by Ashtekar and Wilson-Ewing. We address several issues, including the quantum resolution of the cosmological singularity, the structure of the superselection sectors in the quantum system, or the construction of the Hilbert space of physical states.
  • Publication
    Where Does the Physics of Extreme Gravitational Collapse Reside?
    (MDPI, 2016-05-13) Barceló, Carlos; Carballo-Rubio, Raúl; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
    The gravitational collapse of massive stars serves to manifest the most severe deviations of general relativity with respect to Newtonian gravity: the formation of horizons and spacetime singularities. Both features have proven to be catalysts of deep physical developments, especially when combined with the principles of quantum mechanics. Nonetheless, it is seldom remarked that it is hardly possible to combine all these developments into a unified theoretical model, while maintaining reasonable prospects for the independent experimental corroboration of its different parts. In this paper we review the current theoretical understanding of the physics of gravitational collapse in order to highlight this tension, stating the position that the standard view on evaporating black holes stands for. This serves as the motivation for the discussion of a recent proposal that offers the opposite perspective, represented by a set of geometries that regularize the classical singular behavior and present modifications of the near-horizon Schwarzschild geometry as the result of the propagation of non-perturbative ultraviolet effects originated in regions of high curvature. We present an extensive exploration of the necessary steps on the explicit construction of these geometries, and discuss how this proposal could change our present understanding of astrophysical black holes and even offer the possibility of detecting genuine ultraviolet effects in gravitational-wave experiments.
  • Publication
    Correlations across horizons in quantum cosmology
    (American Physical Society, 2014) Alonso Serrano, Ana; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.
    Different spacetime regions separated by horizons are not related to each other. We know that this statement holds for classical spacetimes. In this paper we carry out a canonical quantization of a Kantowski-Sachs minisuperspace model whose classical solutions exhibit both an event horizon and a cosmological horizon in order to check whether the above statement also holds from the quantum gravitational point of view. Our analysis shows that in fact this is not the case: Quantum gravitational states with support in spacetime configurations that exclusively describe either the region between horizons or outside them are not consistent in the sense that there exist unitary operators describing a natural notion of evolution that connect them. In other words, unitarity is only preserved in this quantization when dealing with the whole spacetime and not in each region separately.
  • Publication
    Formación en software libre mediante proyectos de mecánica
    (2019-10-23) Ruiz Cembranos, Jose Alberto; Villarrubia Rojo, Héctor; Llanes Estrada, Feilpe José; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; López Maroto, Antonio; Fernández Sanz, David
  • Publication
    Black holes turn white fast, otherwise stay black: no half measures
    (Springer, 2016-01-26) Barceló, Carlos; Carballo Rubio, Raúl; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
    Recently, various authors have proposed that the dominant ultraviolet effect in the gravitational collapse of massive stars to black holes is the transition between a black-hole geometry and a white-hole geometry, though their proposals are radically different in terms of their physical interpretation and characteristic time scales [1, 2]. Several decades ago, it was shown by Eardley that white holes are highly unstable to the accretion of small amounts of matter, being rapidly turned into black holes [3]. Studying the crossing of null shells on geometries describing the black-hole to white-hole transition, we obtain the conditions for the instability to develop in terms of the parameters of these geometries. We conclude that transitions with long characteristic time scales are pathologically unstable: occasional perturbations away from the perfect vacuum around these compact objects, even if being imperceptibly small, suffocate the white-hole explosion. On the other hand, geometries with short characteristic time scales are shown to be robust against perturbations, so that the corresponding processes could take place in real astrophysical scenarios. This motivates a conjecture about the transition amplitudes of different decay channels for black holes in a suitable ultraviolet completion of general relativity.
  • Publication
    Two formalisms, one renormalized stress-energy tensor
    (American Physical Society, 2012-04-02) Barceló, Carlos; Carballo-Rubio, Raúl; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
    We explicitly compare the structure of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a massless scalar field in a (1 + 1) curved spacetime as obtained by two different strategies: normal-mode construction of the field operator and one-loop effective action. We pay special attention to where and how the information related to the choice of vacuum state in both formalisms is encoded. By establishing a clear translation map between both procedures, we show that these two potentially different renormalized stress-energy tensors are actually equal, when using vacuum-state choices related by this map. One specific aim of the analysis is to facilitate the comparison of results regarding semiclassical effects in gravitational collapse as obtained within these different formalisms.
  • Publication
    Quantum non-gravity and stellar collapse
    (Springer, 2011-09) Barceló, Carlos; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; Jannes, Gil
    Observational indications combined with analyses of analogue and emergent gravity in condensed matter systems support the possibility that there might be two distinct energy scales related to quantum gravity: the scale that sets the onset of quantum gravitational effects E-B ( related to the Planck scale) and the much higher scale E-L signalling the breaking of Lorentz symmetry. We suggest a natural interpretation for these two scales: E-L is the energy scale below which a special relativistic spacetime emerges, E-B is the scale below which this spacetime geometry becomes curved. This implies that the first 'quantum' gravitational effect around E-B could simply be that gravity is progressively switched off, leaving an effective Minkowski quantum field theory up to much higher energies of the order of E-L. This scenario may have important consequences for gravitational collapse, inasmuch as it opens up new possibilities for the final state of stellar collapse other than an evaporating black hole.
  • Publication
    Hawking radiation as perceived by different observers: an analytic expression for the effective-temperature function
    (IOP Publishing Ltd, 2012-04-12) Barbado, L. C.; Barceló, Carlos; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier
    Given a field vacuum state in a black hole spacetime, this state can be analysed in terms of how it is perceived (in terms of particle content) by different observers. This can be done by means of the effective-temperature function introduced by Barcelo et al (2011 Phys. Rev. D 83 041501). In Barbado et al (2011 Class. Quantum Grav. 28 125021), this function was analysed in a case-by-case basis for a number of interesting situations. In this work, we find a general analytic expression for the effective-temperature function which, apart from the vacuum state choice, depends on the position, the local velocity and the acceleration of the specific observer. We give a clear physical interpretation of the quantities appearing in the expression, and illustrate its potentiality with a few examples.
  • Publication
    Quantum entanglement produced in the formation of a black hole
    (Amer Physical Soc, 2010-09-22) Martin Martinez, Eduardo; Garay Elizondo, Luis Javier; León, Juan
    A field in the vacuum state, which is in principle separable, can evolve to an entangled state in a dynamical gravitational collapse. We will study, quantify, and discuss the origin of this entanglement, showing that it could even reach the maximal entanglement limit for low frequencies or very small black holes, with consequences in micro-black hole formation and the final stages of evaporating black holes. This entanglement provides quantum information resources between the modes in the asymptotic future (thermal Hawking radiation) and those which fall to the event horizon. We will also show that fermions are more sensitive than bosons to this quantum entanglement generation. This fact could be helpful in finding experimental evidence of the genuine quantum Hawking effect in analog models.