On a problem of Lions concerning real interpolation spaces. The quasi-Banach case

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We prove that, under a mild condition on a couple (A0;A1) of quasi-Banach spaces, all real interpolation spaces (A0;A1)θ,p with 0 < θ < 1 and 0 < p ≤ ∞ are different from each other. In the Banach case and for 1 ≤ p ≤ ∞ this was shown by Janson, Nilsson, Peetre and Zafran, thus solving an old problem posed by J.-L. Lions. Moreover, we give an application to certain spaces which are important objects in Operator Theory and which consist of bounded linear operators whose approximation numbers belong to Lorentz sequence spaces.
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